ArthritisThere are more than 100 different types of arthritis, a disease that affects people of all ages, from babies to older people. Rheumatologists have special interests in unexplained rash , fever , arthritis, anemia , weakness , weight loss , fatigue , joint or muscle pain , autoimmune disease, and anorexia They often serve as consultants, acting like medical detectives at the request of other doctors.
According to the what causes arthritis Foundation, rheumatoid arthritis affects about 1.5 million people in the U.S. Women develop RA two to three times more often than men, and symptoms in women tend to appear between the ages of 30 and 60, while symptoms often develop later in life for men.
The forms range from those related to wear and tear of cartilage (such as osteoarthritis ) to those associated with inflammation as a result of an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis ). Together, the many forms of arthritis make up the most common chronic illness in the United States.
Canada's leading arthritis research organizations-Canadian Institutes of Health Research-Institute for Musculoskeletal Health and Arthritis (CIHR-IMHA), The Arthritis Society (TAS), Canadian Arthritis Network (CAN) and the partner organizations making up the Alliance for the Canadian Arthritis Program (ACAP)-have come together in a fact finding exercise aimed at understanding the arthritis funding landscape, related to research.
When the SNP gene variation is present, T cells attempt to correct abnormalities in joints too quickly, causing the inflammation and tissue damage associated with RA. The discovery of SNP may help determine people's risk for getting RA and might help explain why autoimmune diseases run in families.
A rheumatologist is a medical professional who specializes in musculoskeletal and autoimmune diseases and is specially trained to handle the diagnosis and treatment of RA and other arthritis diseases (such as psoriatic arthritis, seronegative rheumatoid arthritis, and Felty syndrome).
However when only a few joints are affected at the beginning of disease, symmetry may not be seen and should not preclude the diagnosis of RA. Careful palpation of the joints can help to distinguish the swelling of joint inflammation from the bony enlargement seen in osteoarthritis, with the swelling often described as being doughy or spongy in RA in contrast to firm knobby enlargement in osteoarthritis.
The American College of Rheumatology classifies remission as morning stiffness that lasts 15 minutes or less; no fatigue, joint pain, joint tenderness or pain on motion, or soft tissue swelling in joints or tendon sheaths; and an erythrocyte sedimentation rate less than or equal to 30 in females and 20 in males.